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LOTOS Group’s activities include the following processes:

This activity is carried out in three countries: Poland, Lithuania and Norway (the largest player in the region). Bulk of the mining (64%) comes from Norway. The Group’s 2P reserves are mostly located beneath the seabed of the Baltic Sea (63%) and the Norwegian Sea (33%).

Grupa LOTOS, as one of the leading suppliers of fuels and petroleum products for the domestic and foreign markets, widely cooperates with both domestic suppliers and renowned international companies. Approx. 50% of the value and volume of raw materials and components purchased is oil and natural gas. Crude oil is purchased from the leading, largest trading firms in the market. However, the main supplier of natural gas is PGNiG. A significant item in component purchases are biocomponents. In 2021, as in 2020, the share of domestic suppliers of biocomponents for fuels (bioethanol and fame) accounted for more than 70% by volume.

This cooperation and the implemented internal purchasing procedures ensure constant and uninterrupted supplies of crude oil, energy and blending components.

The LOTOS Group has one of the most modern and youngest refineries in Europe, located in Gdańsk. Its nominal capacity is approx. 10.5 million tons of oil per annum. It is characterized by a unique interconnection of raw material supply channels by land, from the East via the PERN pipeline network, and by sea via Naftoport. Access to supply channels allows for diversification of feedstock supplies, as well as smooth response to fluctuating prices of oil products and crude oil grades. The dominant type of oil processed in Gdańsk is Russian Urals. The remainder of the raw material is imported from other countries, including Saudi Arabia, and from fields operated by companies from the LOTOS Group. As a result of crude oil processing, the refinery produces such products as fuels (unleaded gasoline, diesel, light diesel), jet fuel, bitumens, and heavy fuel oil. The Gdańsk plant has the highest processing complexity coefficient (Nelson Complexity Index) in Poland and one of the highest in Europe.

Fuels produced at the LOTOS Group refinery in Gdańsk are sold on the domestic retail market exclusively through the network of own and partner service stations. On the wholesale market, however, the buyers of the products include multinationals, the Material Reserves Agency and the Military Property Agency, domestic wholesale buyers, and independent operators. At the end of 2021, there were 520 service stations with the LOTOS logo operating in Poland. As part of this network, the LOTOS Group also had 30 Service Areas (MOP) at the A1, A2, A4 and A6 motorways and S3 and S7 expressways. In this area the Group cooperates with a third-party partner, the Subway restaurant chain, on a corporate franchise basis. The LOTOS Group also supplies its products to customers via railroads through its company LOTOS Kolej.

Apart from transporting LOTOS Group’s products, LOTOS Kolej also provides transport of other goods, including hazardous ones. Among others, the Company has a contract with the Polish Armed Forces to transport F34 aviation fuel. As regards fuel distribution, Grupa LOTOS also uses a modern fuel terminal for road tankers located in Czechowice-Dziedzice and fuel depots in Poznań, Piotrków Trybunalski and Rypin.

In 2021 the most important event associated with structural changes was the transfer of an organized part of Grupa LOTOS S.A.'s enterprise to LOTOS Asfalt sp. z o.o.

The direct cause of the transfer of the organized part of the enterprise from Grupa LOTOS S.A. to LOTOS Asfalt Sp. z o.o. is an internal reorganization of the existing refinery assets carried out through the contribution, by Grupa LOTOS S.A. to LOTOS Asfalt Sp. z o.o., of a set of intangible and tangible assets, including liabilities, previously intended to be carried out by Grupa LOTOS S.A. The change was also an implementation of one of the European Commission's conditions stipulated in the decision on conditional approval of the concentration involving the acquisition of control over Grupa LOTOS S.A. by PKN ORLEN S.A. with its registered office in Płock.

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